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Jain Monks « Jainsquare – A Complete Portal on Jainism

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Thirty Six Attributes of Ächäryas – Digambar Tradition

23 Mar

Digambar list of thirty-six attributes of Ächäryas as follows:

Six External Austerities

01.   Anashan (Not eating for a set period of time)

02.   Unodari (Eating less than needed)

03.   Vrutti-sankshep (Eating within the limits of predetermined restrictions)

°          Material- Eat only a certain number of items

°          Area- Eat only within limits of a certain area

°          Time- Eat only at certain time

°          Mode- Eat food obtained or made only by certain means

04.   Ras Tyäg (Eating non-tasty food – example.  Äyambil Tapa)

05.   Käyä-klesha (Penance, tolerating physical pain voluntarily)

06.   Sanlinatä (Staying in a forlorn place and occupying minimum space)

Six Internal austerities

01.   Präyashchitta (Repentance or remorse)

02.   Vinay (Humility, Respect for others)

03.   Veyävachcham (Selfless service to monks, nuns and needy)

04.   Swädhyäy (Study of religious scriptures)

05.   Dhyäna (Meditation)

06.   Käyotsarga (Giving up physical activities and staying absorbed in the soul)

Ten Virtues

07.   Kshamä (Forgiveness)

08.   Märdava (Humility)

09.   Ärjava (Straightforwardness)

10.   Shaucha (Content – absence of greed)

11.   Satya (Truth)

12.   Sanyam (Restraint of all senses)

13.   Tapa (Austerities)

14.   Tyäg (Charity)

15.   Äkinchan (Non-possessiveness)

16.   Brahmacharya (Celibacy)

Five Ächär (Codes of Conduct)

17.   Darshanächär (Codes of faith)

18.   Jnänächär (Codes of knowledge)

19.   Chäriträchär (Codes of conduct)

20.   Tapächär (Codes of austerities)

21.   Viryächär (Codes of energy or vigor)

Six Ävashyakas (Essential Duties)

22.   Devapujä (Prayer to Tirthankars)

23.   Gurupästi (Devotion and service to ascetics)

24.   Swädhyäy (Studying of Scriptures)

25.   Sanyam (Self restraints)

26.   Tapa (Penance)

27.   Däna (Charity)

Three Guptis (Control)

28.   Mano Gupti (Control over mind)

29.   Vachan Gupti (Control over speech)

30.   Käya Gupti (Control over body)


Twenty Five Attributes of Upädhyäys

22 Mar

11 canonical texts (Anga Ägams) compiled by Ganadhar, who were the immediate disciples of Tirthankar

12 canonical texts (Upängas) compiled by Shruta Kevalis

1 scripture of proper conduct

1 scripture of proper practice

According to Digambar Tradition, Upädhyäy have Knowledge of 11 Anga Ägams (same for all Jain sects) and 14 Digambar Anga Bähya Ägams.