Acharya Uma Swami is one of those glorious Acharyas, who enjoy complete reliability and respect in the line of the Acharyas. Acharya Uma Swami, attained great fame with very small and the most scared literature on Jainism namely Tattvārthādhigama Sūtra and Tattvārthā Sūtra. He was the chief disciple of Kund Kund Acharya and blessed this land in the last days of the first Vikram century and the first part of its second century. He is held in high estimation by both Digamabaras and Svetambaras.A Sloka found in Tattvārthā Sūtra at the end confirms that Umasvami was the author of the above books.
तत्त्वार्थ सूत्रकर्त्तारं गृद्ध्रपिच्छोपलक्षितम् |
वंदे गणीन्द्र संयातम् उमास्वामि मुनीश्वरम् ||
According to the Digambara tradition his name is Umā Svāmi and he is the most famous disciple of the revered saint Sri Kundakundācrya. He is known as Gridhapichchha in consequence of his preceptor being so designated. This is borne out by a verse found in one of the manuscripts of Tattvārthādhigama Sūtra He renounced the world at the age of 19, led the life of an ascetic for 25 years and subsequently became the head of the ascetics and discharged his duties in that capacity for about 40 years.
According to Śvetāmbaras sect the name of the name of Umā Svāmi was Umāsvāti. Umāsvāti was born in the city of Nyagrodhikā. The name of his father was Svāti, while that of his mother Umā. From this it appears that his name is a combination of the names of his parents, a fact inversely reflected in the case of Śri Bappabhattisuri, the author of Chaturvimsatikā, who was so named after his father’s and mother’s name Bappa and Bhatti. The Gotra or the lineage of his father and consequently of the author was Kaubhishani, while that of his mother, Vātsi.
As very little is known even about the exact period of his life, it is but natural that one cannot precisely say when he entered the order of the saints by cutting asunder the ties that bound him to world. It is, however, suggested in the colophon given at the end Bhāshya that he composed great work dealing with almost every doctrine or dogma of the Jainas either explicitly expressed or implied in the city of Kusumapura (modern Patna in Bihar and Orissa), after he had renounced the world. He was a pupil of Śri Ghohanandi who was the grand disciple (Praśishya) of Śivaśrī the Vāchakamukhya.
Umāsvāti too, has this appellation of Vāchaka added to his name. Even Mādhavāchārya the author of Sarvadarś-ana-sangraha, who calls him Umāsvāti Vāchakāchārya, corroborates this. Umāsvāti has composed 32 Sambandha-Kārikās or the connective verses as an introduction to the Sūtras he composed. Over and above this he has elucidated these Sūtras by composing the Bhāshya or the gloss therein.Furthermore, he is the author of Praśamarati, Śrāvakaprajnapti etc..
About Tattvartha Sutra * Tattvartha Sutra : Introduction * Story : Composition of Tattvartha Sutra * Tattvartha Sutra : Language * Tattvartha Sutra is Unique * When Was Tattvartha Sutra Composed * Essence of Tattvartha Sutra Text * Central Theme of Tattvartha Sutra * Acharya Uma Svami (Uma Svati) * Author : Digambar & Shwetambar View * Difference Digambar & Shwetambar Texts
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